Whistleblowers E-H

Sibel Edmonds is a former FBI translator, naturalized US citizen of Turkish descent. Edmonds was fired by the FBI in 2002 for attempting to report cover-ups of incompetence, security issues and potential espionage. Edmonds has been gagged by the State Secrets Privilege in her efforts to litigate these issues. The Supreme Court of the United States refused to hear her case without comment. Edmonds founded the National Security Whistleblowers Coalition (NSWBC) to lobby Congress and assist other whistleblowers. In 2012, she published a memoir, “Classified Woman: The Sibel Edmonds Story.”

Duncan Edmunds blew the whistle as a Canadian civil servant. Edmunds reported to his chief that Minister of Defense Robert Coates had visited a West German strip club while on an official mission, with NATO documents in his possession, creating a security risk. Coates was asked to resign from Cabinet by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, who also fired Edmunds and made him persona non grata in government circles.

Daniel Ellsberg is one of the well-known prominent whistleblowers, a former State Department analyst who leaked the Pentagon Papers in 1971, in the style of recent American sacrifice and whistleblower Bradley Manning. A secret account of the unpopular Viet Nam war was made in association with The New York Times,  that illuminated paramount deception by the war-mongering political machine, exposing the government’s efforts to fund another war of occupation to influence regional politics for financial and political gain.

Nathan Ertel blew the whistle on illegal arms sales in Iraq. He compiled evidence for the FBI about Shield Group Security Co. selling guns, land mines and rocket-launchers for cash, without receipts to Iraqi insurgents, American soldiers, State Department workers, as well as Iraqi embassy and ministry employees. As the result, weapons ended up in the hands of militant groups and death squads. For daring to expose the corruption, he was imprisoned by the American military for 97 days in Camp Cropper, a security compound outside Baghdad that once held Saddam Hussein. Ertel was subjected to torture methods, usually reserved for terrorists and enemy combatants. He was held in solitary confinement, with loud heavy metal music blaring dawn to dusk, slammed into walls, deprived of sleep, subjected to extreme temperatures and faced with interrogators repeatedly yelling the same questions. Ertel was classified as a security detainee. He was eventually found innocent of any wrongdoing and cleared for release, but the military continued to hold him in unlawful captivity for additional 18 days. In November 2012, the 7th US Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago ruled 8-3 that Ertel cannot proceed with his lawsuit against former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. The court reasoned that high ranking officials in the chain of command cannot be held responsible for lower-ranking troops who break the law, even if they authorize torture methods used against the Plaintiff. The court’s ruling states, “People able to exert domination over others often abuse that power; it is a part of human nature that is very difficult to control.” U.S. Circuit Judge David Hamilton dissented, pointing out that someone tortured by foreign forces has more legal recourse in the U.S. than Americans tortured by their own military. He wrote, “That disparity attributes to our government and to our legal system a degree of hypocrisy that is breathtaking.”

Marlene Garcia Esperat is a former analytical chemist for the Philippines Department of Agriculture. She became a journalist to expose departmental corruption, and was murdered in 2005. Assailants of Esperat later surrendered to police, and have testified that they were hired to commit the murder by officials in the Department of Agriculture.

Joseph Faltaous is a former sales representative for Eli Lilly, who filed a Qui Tam lawsuit against the company, alleging that Eli Lilly was illegally marketing the drug Zyprexa for uses not approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Eli Lilly pled guilty to actively promoting Zyprexa for off-label uses, particularly for the treatment of dementia in the elderly. The $1.415 billion penalty included an $800 million civil settlement and a $515 million criminal fine—the largest criminal fine for an individual corporation in United States history. The four whistleblowers (Robert Rudolph, Joseph Faltaous, Steven Woodward and Jaydeen Vincente) shared 18%, or $78,870,877, of the federal share of the civil settlement.

W. Mark Felt, known as Deep Throat until 2005, leaked information about United States President Richard Nixon’s involvement in Watergate. The scandal would eventually lead to the resignation of the president, and prison terms for White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman and presidential adviser John Ehlichman.

Richard Fine is an internationally renown antitrust and taxpayer advocate attorney. He blew the whistle on county-funded benefits that California State Superior Court judges receive in addition to their state pay. On March 4, 2009 he was charged with “contempt of court” and “moral turpitude,” disbarred by California’s Supreme Court and jailed by Superior Court Judge David Yaffe in retaliation for his whistleblowing disclosures. The legal standard for coercive confinement in a contempt of court case is usually limited to five days in jail, after which it is presumed that the incarcerated does not intend to back down. Yaffe’s contempt incarceration exceeded usual term of confinement by 526 days. After being sentenced to jail “indefinitely” on contempt-of-court charges, Fine spent a year and a half behind bars, in solitary confinement. During that time, he filed Habeas Corpus petitions for his release with the California Supreme Court, the Federal District Court and the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, alleging that Yaffe was biased against him and should have recused himself from presiding over the case. In his petition to the U.S. Supreme Court, Fine wrote that his malicious imprisonment was “the latest encounter in the 10-year campaign by Fine to restore due process in the California judicial system”. He was released on September 17, 2010. Judge Yaffe announced his “retirement,” effective November 1st 2010.

Darlene Fitzgerald-Price (formerly Darlene Catalan) served as a Federal Agent for the U.S. Customs. In 1998, she was running a railroad drug smuggling investigation. Intelligence data specified that tons of narcotics were entering the U.S. via pressurized rail tanker cars. Fitzgerald learned that there was a large rail yard in Guadalajara, MX, controlled by the Arellano-Felix Cartel, which served as one of their largest narcotics distribution points. In April 1998, Fitzgerald participated in the seizure of a pressurized tanker car, concealing 8 thousand pounds of marijuana and 34 kilograms of cocaine. Subsequent to making that seizure, this large-scale operation was ordered to be aborted by Customs management. When Fitzgerald refused to do so, she was subjected to severe reprisals. Several weeks later, 5 more suspected tanker cars were identified. Even though their manifest reflected that those tankers were empty, they weighed 5 to 9 tons more than any empty tanker was expected to weigh. Fitzgerald set up pressure testing for these tankers, at no cost to the government. Pressure testing is a necessary tool to further profile whether these cars should be bled out and checked. It is very useful in determining the necessity of a formal inspection, since it may cost approximately 8 to 14 thousand dollars per vehicle. Again, Fitzgerald was told to stop her investigations. The vehicles were released without any inspection. When Fitzgerald and other conscientious Customs employees attempted to continue with that case, all of them were subjected to severe retaliation, threats, intimidation, and pressure. Their careers, reputations, and personal lives were ruined. Fitzgerald resigned in protest. 

A. Earnest Fitzgerald is a U.S. Department of Defense auditor who was fired in 1973 by President Richard M. Nixon for exposing to Congress the tidal wave of cost overruns associated with Lockheed’s C-5A cargo plane. After protracted litigation he was reinstated to the civil service and continued to report cost overruns and military contractor fraud, including discovery in the 1980s that the Air Force was being charged $400 for hammers and $600 for toilet seats. Fitzgerald retired from the Defense Department in 2006.

David Franklin is a scientist who exposed illegal promotion of the epilepsy drug Neurontin for unapproved uses, wherein it was promoted it for relieving pain, headaches, bipolar disorder and other psychiatric illnesses, even though the drug was not effective for treating these conditions. Pfizer – the world’s largest pharmaceutical company – eventually pleaded guilty and paid criminal and civil fines of $430 million dollars. The company acknowledged spending hundreds of thousands of dollars to promote non-approved uses for the anti-seizure drug Neurontin, to include paying hefty speakers’ fees to participating physicians and flying them to lavish resorts under the guise of “educational” trips. One doctor received over $300,000 dollars to speak at conferences, promoting the drug. The case brought on the establishment of new standards for pharmaceutical marketing practices, broadening the use of the False Claims Act that would make it a crime to make fraudulent marketing claims. It also exposed complicity and active participation in fraud by renowned physicians. Franklin received $24.6 million dollars as part of the settlement agreement.

Marlene Garcia Esperat is a former analytical chemist for the Philippines Department of Agriculture. She became a journalist and wrote a weekly column for local publications, exposing corruption. Esperat was murdered in 2005 in her own home. Her assailants later surrendered to police and pled guilty, admitting that they were hired by officials in the Department of Agriculture. This case was the first of dozens of murders of Filipino journalists since 1986.

Franz Gayl is a Marine Corps whistleblower, who blew the whistle in 2007 by criticizing military leaders for not fielding heavily armed vehicles (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected vehicles or MRAPs) in Iraq. In retaliation for his whistleblowing disclosure, Gayl was accused of connecting an unauthorized flash drive to a secure computer. The whistleblower was stripped of his security clearance, placed on leave and threatened with indefinite suspension. Gayl denied the allegations against him and fought back by appealing retaliatory personnel actions. In 2011, he prevailed. The Marine Corps restored his security clearance, which allowed Gayl to return to his job. Former defense secretary Robert M. Gates accelerated production of MRAPs, which was largely based on Gayl’s advocacy.

Roland Gibeault filed a Qui Tam suit against defense subcontractor Genisco Technology Corp. after working under-cover for 18 months with the FBI and DCIS to uncover the company’s fraudulent test methods which were being used to pass key components off on the HARM missile. The FBI and DCIS case resulted in a plea-bargained $725,000.00 fine and three Genisco executives were sentenced to federal prison. Gibeault was subsequently fired. In 1989, Gibeault and fellow employee Inge Maudal also filed qui tam actions against Genisco’s parent company, Texas Instruments.

Tony Goode served as the customer loyalty manager and was responsible for Marks & Spencer’s database of some 30 million customers, about half the UK population. Goode had an unblemished career of almost 25 years, until he blew the whistle about the retailer’s plans to slash redundancy payouts. He  used his company e-mail account to leak the internal memo, out of desperation about imminent job losses due to the direction the company was taking. In retaliation for his whistleblowing disclosure the company described as “gross misconduct,” Goode was fired.

James Gordon is the former Director of Operations for ArmorGroup, who worked for the company in Afghanistan. He blew the whistle by exposing a frightening list of illegal activities and violations in ArmorGuard’s contract with the State Department. Gordon reported a wide range of shocking conditions: storing of illegal weapons, severely understaffed and overworked guard force, guards and supervisors who frequent brothels, while on duty. He also alleged that some guards moonlighted in human trafficking. According to the State Department, Afghanistan is well known as a center of sex trafficking. Gordon reported that one recruit was overheard discussing his plans to purchase a girl for $20,000, believing that he could sell her for sex and start earning profits within a month. Gordon says the recruit was terminated and the incident reported to the State Department, but the issue of guard involvement in human trafficking was never fully investigated. Gordon and other whistleblowers believe that the problems with ArmorGroup are rooted in the fact that the company severely underbid to win the $189 million dollar security contract for the Kabul embassy. To fill the 400-man guard force inexpensively, ArmorGroup hired miscreants and unqualified mercenaries with dubious pasts. One recruit was reportedly hired without any ID whatsoever. Another guard was hired to work at the Kabul embassy after allegedly being fired by a different contractor for pulling a weapon on a co-worker, while intoxicated. In retaliation for his whistleblowing disclosure, ArmorGroup fired Gordon. He filed a whistleblower lawsuit against the company.

Maj. Jeremy Gordon is an elite pilot with the Virginia Air National Guard, based at Langley Air Force Base near Norfolk. He blew the whistle on questionable safety of Air Force’s most sophisticated, stealthy, and expensive fighter jet, the F-22 Raptor. He’s one of only 200 pilots qualified to fly the F-22. Gordon refused to continue flying F-22, because during some flights himself and other pilots have experienced oxygen deprivation and disorientation. He expressed his concerns about flight safety, as well as the long-term health consequences. The F-22 Raptor is the most expensive fighter ever, but it has been plagued by a mysterious flaw that causes a lack of oxygen, leading its pilots to become disoriented while at the controls. Gordon risked his career, by appearing on “60 Minutes” in uniform, without the permission of the Air Force, and stating that the jet is endangering the lives of pilots, as well as the communities they fly over. Gordon flew combat missions in the Iraq War and was awarded the Air Force’s highest honor for heroism: the Distinguished Flying Cross. In Air Force evaluations, he was called “a superstar…flawless.” At the Senate hearing in May of 2012, lawmakers learned that the top brass of the Air Force has issued a directive that Gordon was considered a whistleblower and will not be punished for his disclosure.

John Gorman is a retired U.S. Marine, who was hired by ArmorGroup in 2007 to support security at the American Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan. He blew the whistle on stunning disarray among the guard force. These problems have been well-known for years inside the U.S. government and ArmorGroup. Gorman met with the company’s management on numerous occasions and voiced his concerns, but they were largely overshadowed by discussions of profit margins. Frustrated with the failure by ArmorGroup to address the problems, Gorman became a whistleblower and provided a statement to a State Department employee on June 12, 2007. In retaliation for his whistleblowing disclosure, ArmorGroup fired Gorman. He wrote a detailed account in a letter to Senators Lieberman and Dodd and Congressmen Shays and Courtney on July 18, 2007, followed by meetings with staffers from the offices of Senators Lieberman, Biden and Waxman. When nothing was done to address the shortcomings, Gorman commented that “Once our elected officials (notice I don’t refer to them as representatives) get situated in office they are happy to have their constituents go away and leave them alone, unless of course we come with bags of money.” In spite of whistleblower retaliation, Gorman said that he would still blow the whistle and concluded by stating, “As you know there are no ex-Marines, and Semper Fi is not just an empty phrase.”

Dr. David Graham blew the whistle in his capacity as a senior drug safety researcher at the FDA, charging the agency with failure to adequately safeguard the public from drugs like Vioxx. Graham testified before a Senate committee that the FDA had ignored warnings that the pain pill Vioxx was killing people by causing heart attacks and strokes. He said that this was not an isolated incident, but rather part of a systemic failure to address drug safety on the part of the FDA. Dr. Graham’s research has helped protect the public from other unsafe drugs, including Omniflox an antibiotic, Rezulin, a diabetes treatment, Fen-Phen and Redux, weight-loss drugs, and phenylpropanolamine, an over-the-counter decongestant, Lotronex, Baycol, Seldane, and Propulsid. As a top FDA employee who has worked at the agency for two decades, Graham provided jaw-dropping insights into the FDA’s internal corruption. Graham stated, “When a serious safety issue arises at post marketing, the immediate reaction is almost always one of denial, rejection and heat. They approved the drugs, so there can’t possibly be anything wrong with it. This is an inherent conflict of interest.” Congress has not only created that structure, but also worsened it through the PDUFA, the Prescription Drug User Fee Act, by which drug companies pay money to the FDA to review and approve their medications. Dr. Graham appeared before the Senate Finance Committee and announced that the FDA and the Center for Drug Evaluation Research (CDER) are incapable of protecting America from unsafe drugs. Senior FDA managers attempted to discredit Graham with the press and Senator Grassley’s office, accusing him of committing scientific misconduct. He currently serves as the Associate Director for Science and Medicine in the FDA’s Office of Drug Safety. In spite of his whistleblowing disclosure, according to Graham, nothing has changed at the FDA: “They continue to let the damage occur. America is just as at risk now, as it was in November, as it was two years ago, and as it was five years ago… The FDA is responsible for 140,000 heart attacks and 60,000 dead Americans. That’s as many people as were killed in the Vietnam War. Yet the FDA points the finger at me and says, “Well, this guy’s a rat, you can’t trust him,” but nobody is calling them to account. Congress isn’t calling them to account. For the American people, it’s dropped off the radar screen. They should be screaming because this can happen again.”

Virgil Grandfield is a Canadian whistleblower and international aid worker. In 1999-2000, he worked with a project evaluation unit for the Disasters Emergency Committee (the UK funding agency for disasters) in Central America after Hurricane Mitch. Grandfield became an Overseas Delegate for the Canadian Red Cross in 2002. He quit the Canadian Red Cross in 2008, after the organization refused to address Grandfield’s complaints that contractors they hired for rebuilding after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami used slave labor. Workers, brought in from distant jurisdictions, were not paid and worked in harsh conditions. In 2009, Grandfield returned to Aceh with an investigative and advocacy organization called Brigade Cahaya (“The Light Brigade”), which proceeded to uncover and publicly expose that 50,000 or more Javanese construction workers were victims of human trafficking on UN, Red Cross and other NGO tsunami projects in Aceh, Indonesia.

John Michael Gravitt became the first individual in 40 years to file a Qui Tam lawsuit under the False Claims Act after the statute had been weakened in 1943. Gravitt, a machinist foreman, sued GE for defrauding the United States Department of Defense when GE began falsely billing for work on the B1 Lancer bomber. Gravitt was laid off following his complaints to supervisors about the discrepancies. The case of Gravitt v. General Electric and Gravitt’s deposition to Congress led to federal legislation bolstering the False Claims Act in 1986. The amended Act made it easier for whistle-blowers to collect damages. Gravitt’s suit proceeded under the 1986 amendments and GE settled the case for a then record $3.5 million.

Bunnatine “Bunny” H. Greenhouse, served as a marquee procurement official with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. As the highest-ranking civilian contracting officer, she testified before a congressional committee in 2005 about widespread fraud in multibillion-dollar rebuilding contracts awarded to former Halliburton subsidiary, KBR. In retaliation for her whistleblowing disclosure, Greenhouse was demoted at the end of an otherwise exemplary 20-year career. Her friends and co-workers stopped speaking to her. In her demotion, her supervisors said she was performing poorly. William Weaver, professor of political science at the University of Texas-El Paso said, “She was a wonderful example of a federal employee. They just completely creamed her. In the end, no one followed up, no one cared.” In 2011, six years after she was demoted, Greenhouse prevailed in her litigation, compelling the government to settle for $970,000 dollars.

Tamarah Grimes worked as a paralegal on the team prosecuting former Governor of Alabama, Don Siegelman. In 2007, she filed a whistleblower complaint, accusing prosecutors of mismanagement, failure to report improper contact with jurors and initiating a criminal investigation against her in retaliation for filing an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) complaint. Grimes was fired from her job with the Middle District of Alabama. Don Siegelman is the former governor of Alabama, who was declared America’s “Political Prisoner #1” by the American Trial Lawyer magazine. In Alabama, he served as the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General and Secretary of State. He was indicted on October 26, 2005 on charges of bribery and mail fraud. During his latest tenure as the governor of Alabama, Siegelman was raising money to pass a state referendum that would establish a lottery to afford Alabama’s less fortunate students an opportunity to go to college for free. In his book, Jack Abramoff admitted that he poured $20 million of Indian casino money in Alabama to defeat Siegelman in 1998, to defeat the lottery campaign in 1999 and then to defeat Siegelman in 2002.Siegelman was convicted on alleged bribery charges, stemming from his appointment of a campaign donor Richard M. Scrushy, founder and former CEO of HealthSouth, to a non-paying position on a state hospital regulatory board. Scrushy had served on the state hospital regulatory board over the past three Republican administrations. It should be noted that George W. Bush gave similar appointments to over a hundred of his campaign contributors. Siegelman’s supporters assert that his only “crime” was belonging to the Democratic Party in a state with a Republican majority, for which he was the targeted in a political witch hunt, orchestrated by former Bush administration deputy Karl Rove. The Siegelman’ camp asserts that the federal prosecutors and presiding judge decided to destroy his promising career, wherein he was once considered to be a possible Democratic presidential candidate. His supporters include 113 former states’ Attorneys General, as well as former presidential candidates Al Gore and John Kerry. Siegelman is now seeking a presidential pardon. Pace Law Professor Bennett Gershman states that Siegelman’s case is “one of the most egregiously bad faith prosecutions by the Justice Department ever.”

Scott Grove was a Director of Internal Audits for the Minneapolis health care provider, Allina. In 1994, blew the whistle, when he uncovered the evidence that Allina had overbilled Medicare and Medicaid by $19 million dollars. In retaliation for his whistleblowing disclosure, the company demoted him and ignored his findings. After 20 years in auditing, he was removed from his department and put on unassigned status for the next six months. Grove filed a whistleblower lawsuit against Allina, which was later settled for $16 million dollars, with Grove receiving the whistleblower award of $1 million dollars.

Joanna Gualtieri is a Canadian whistleblower, who exposed the flagrant waste and lavish extravagance in the purchase of accommodations for the Foreign Affairs staff. The Inspector General and Auditor General of Canada validated her allegations. Gualtieri was ruthlessly harassed in retaliation for her whistleblowing disclosure and sued her former bosses for harassment. This lawsuit has been vigorously defended by government lawyers and the ordeal dragged on for over 18 years, because of the endless and costly delay tactics employed by government lawyers. In a typical fashion employed in many whistleblowing cases, government attorneys have been abusing the pre-trial ‘discovery’ process, as the presiding judge ruled. Gualtieri had to face in excess of 10,500 questions from the government lawyers, while many of them were irrelevant to the case. In the process she was subjected to 31 days of examination in court (the Rules of Civil Procedure allow no more than seven hours of examination), unless the parties consent to longer examinations or there is a court order. This relentless interrogation continued even after she twice collapsed during the court proceedings. The case was finally settled in April 2010. Gualtieri founded FAIR and continued for almost a decade to do battle for other whistle-blowers through this non-profit organization.

Dr. John Gueriguian is a doctor with the FDA, the original scientist in charge of Rezulin trials, who was the first to insist that the diabetes drug, Rezulin, was too dangerous to be sold. Instead of investigating the manufacturer of Rezulin, the FDA focused their efforts on the whistleblower who sounded the alarm. Dr. Gueriguian was interrogated by Internal Affairs and intimidated for his opposition to the drug. FDA management sided with the drug maker, Warner-Lambert, in spite of a consensus among the FDA scientists that Rezulin is a dangerous drug and needs to be pulled from the market. Researchers who conducted clinical trials of Rezulin were urged to downplay problems with the drug. While FDA documents showed tests of the drug found liver enzyme levels six times the normal levels, manufacturer reported levels of “2 to 3 times…normal,” a figure the company later acknowledged was “not correct.” When alternative drugs for treating diabetes were approved, Rezulin was removed from pharmacy shelves. To date, the FDA has linked 63 deaths to Rezulin. Instead of listening to the scientists, who tried to prevent additional deaths from the drug, the FDA did its best to intimidate them. Facing whistleblower retaliation, Dr. Gueriguian chose to retire. In 2009, Warner-Lambert merged with Pfizer.

Katharine Gun blew the whistle about an alleged plot to bug UN delegates before the Iraq war. In retaliation for her disclosure, Gun was held overnight by the police and fired from her job as a translator at GCHQ, the government’s communications center.

Paul Haggis is an Oscar-winning writer and director, the most famous Scientology member in Hollywood to ever leave the organization, after more than 30 years of membership. Haggis wrote the screenplay for “Million Dollar Baby,” which won the Oscar for Best Picture in 2004. He also wrote and directed “Crash,” which won Best Picture in 2005. He blew the whistle on Scientology’s controversial practices, providing a unique insider’s perspective. Haggis resigned on August 19, 2009, in protest against the Church of Scientology of San Diego’s public support of Proposition 8, which asserted that the State of California should sanction marriage only “between a man and a woman.” The proposition passed. In his resignation letter, Haggis wrote that Scientology’s “public sponsorship of Proposition 8, which succeeded in taking away the civil rights of gay and lesbian citizens of California—rights that were granted them by the Supreme Court of our state—is a stain on the integrity of our organization and a stain on us personally. Our public association with that hate-filled legislation shames us.” Haggis later spoke up in support of Nazanin Boniadi, when she became the subject of a Vanity Fair article about Scientology allegedly holding auditions to find the next girlfriend for Tom Cruise in 2004. According to the story, Boniadi dated Cruise for about three months, until she displeased both Cruise and the church’s leader, David Miscavige. Boniadi was reportedly punished by being forced to perform humiliating tasks, such as cleaning toilets with a toothbrush, scrubbing bathroom tiles with acid and digging ditches in the middle of the night.

Dr. Diane Harper is the vaccine developer and a lead researcher in the development of Gardasil and Cervarix, the human papilloma virus vaccines. She blew the whistle by making an unexpected announcement at the 4th International Public Conference on Vaccination, in Reston, Virginia in October, 2009. Dr. Harper was expected to promote the Gardasil and Cervarix vaccines, but her conscience would not permit it. She explained that the risk of adverse side effects is much greater than the risk of cervical cancer. Gardasil and Cervarix are unnecessary, since they are unlikely to have any effect upon the rate of cervical cancer in the United States, which is already extremely low. 70% of all H.P.V. infections resolve themselves without treatment in a year, having been eliminated by the immune system. 90% of all H.P.V. infections clear out in two years. These vaccines are marketed for 9-year-old children, but were tested on teenagers of 15 and above. Over 15 thousand girls have reported adverse side effects from Gardasil to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (V.A.E.R.S.). The actual numbers are likely to be much higher, since many parents did not want to jump through bureaucratic hoops to report adverse reactions to these vaccines. To date, at least 44 girls are officially known to have died from these vaccines (Gardasil and Cervarix). The reported side effects include Guillian Barré Syndrome (paralysis that may last for years, sometimes permanently, eventually causing suffocation), brain inflammation, lupus, blood clots, and seizures. Dr. Harper, the vaccine developer, publicly made this whistleblowing disclosure, so that she might finally be able to sleep at night. There is no actual evidence that the vaccine can prevent any cancer. Even manufacturers admit that the vaccine only works on 4 strains out of 40 for a specific venereal disease that dies on its own in a relatively short period. The chance of the vaccine actually helping an individual is about the same as the chance of being struck by a meteorite.

Ann Harris is a great-grandmother in her 70′s, who made it her business to seek accountability for the management of a troubled nuclear power plant, in Spring City, Tennessee, the facility known as Watts Bar. Harris has won a record six whistleblower lawsuits against the Tennessee Valley Authority, the government-owned electricity corporation. A 1986 investigation uncovered “widespread intimidation, harassment and discrimination by TVA management,” along with “widespread mistrust.”

Cathy Harris is a former United States Customs Service employee, who exposed rampant racial profiling against Black travelers, while working at Hartsfield International Airport in Atlanta, CA. According to Harris’ book, “Flying While Black: A Whistleblower’s Story”, she personally observed numerous incidents of Black travelers being stopped, frisked, body-cavity-searched, detained for hours at local hospitals, forced to take laxatives, bowel-monitored and subjected to public and private racist/colorist humiliation. The book also details her allegations of mismanagement, abuses of authority, prohibited personnel practices, waste, fraud, violation of laws, rules and regulations, corruption, nepotism, cronyism, favoritism, workplace violence, racial and sexual harassment, sexism, intimidation, on and off the job stalking, etc., and other illegal acts that occurs daily to federal employees especially female federal employees at U.S. Customs and other federal agencies.

Margaret Haydon is one of three doctors involved in a major whistleblowing incident in the Canadian public service. Doctors Shiv Chopra, Margaret Haydon and Gerard Lambert went public with their concerns that bovine growth hormones might be a risk to human health. In the end, the hormone was never approved for use in Canada. Shiv Chopra and Margaret Haydon also warned that Canada’s measures to prevent mad cow disease were inadequate. Health Canada called their actions insubordinate and fired them in 2004. After a lengthy appeal, Gerard Lambert got his job back; the other two scientists are appealing. In 2011, all three were received the Integrity Award by the advocacy group, Canadian Journalists for Free Expression.

Sean Hoare is a former reporter who blew the whistle on the Murdoch-owned News of the World. Hoare provided information for a New York Times story that tied the telephone hacking scandal to former News of the World editor Andy Coulson, who later became director of communications for British Prime Minister David Cameron. Hoare also revealed information about the newsroom “pinging,” where he said News of the World would pay police to track locations of the celebrities. These revelations have led to 10 arrests, including those of former News of the World editors, Andy Coulson and Rebekah Brooks. On July 18, 2011, Sean Hoare was found dead in his home. The very next day, police had called his death “unexplained, but not thought to be suspicious.”

Marc Hodler was a Swiss lawyer, President of the International Ski Federation and a member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) from 1963 until his death in 2006. Hodler blew the whistle on the Olympic bid scandal for the 2002 Salt Lake City Winter games in December 1998. It involved allegations of bribery used to win the rights to host the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. Prior to its successful bid in 1995, the city had unsuccessfully attempted to secure the games on four occasions. In 1998, members of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) were accused of taking bribes from the Salt Lake Organizing Committee (SLOC) during the bidding process. The allegations resulted in the expulsion of several IOC members and brought on the adoption of new IOC rules. Legal charges were brought against the leaders of Salt Lake’s bid committee by the U.S. Department of Justice. All parties were later acquitted. Investigations were also launched into prior bidding practices by other cities, which uncovered that members of the IOC received gifts during the bidding process for both the 1998 Winter Olympics and 2000 Summer Olympics.

Justin Hopson served as a New Jersey State Trooper. During his first few days as a rookie, Hopson witnessed an unlawful arrest and false report made by his training officer. He refused to testify in support of the illegal arrest. In retaliation, Hopson was hazed and harassed. He uncovered evidence of a secret society within the State Police, known as the Lords of Discipline, whose mission it was to keep fellow troopers in line. Hopson blew the whistle on this secret group, sparking the largest internal investigation in State Police history. He also filed a lawsuit in U.S. District Court in Camden. Several troopers later came forward about the Lords of Discipline. The New Jersey Office of Attorney General conducted a two-year investigation, which resulted in seven Troopers being suspended or reprimanded. In 2007, the State of New Jersey settled the Hopson case for $400,000. A book about Hopson’s case, entitled “Breaking the Blue Wall” was released in 2012.

Marshall S. Horwitz, M.D., Ph.D. blew the whistle on an illegal scheme allegedly organized by pharmaceutical giant Amgen (AMGN), in manipulating the scientific record with respect to its blockbuster drugs, Aranesp and Neulasta. In 2006 Horwitz alerted authorities about the company’s promotion for off-label uses of these drugs, leading to enormous expenditures by federal Medicare and state Medicaid programs. This included recommended use of the drugs to treat anemia and cancer, which was downright dangerous to oncology patients. In early 2007 Horwitz filed a Qui Tam lawsuit under the federal False Claims Act. The case led to $762 million dollars in criminal and civil penalties, levied against Amgen by the U.S. Department of Justice.

Janet Howard exposed widespread systemic racism and retaliation within the Department of Commerce against African-American employees.

Richard B. Hubbard is a nuclear power whistleblower. On February 2, 1976, Gregory C. Minor, Richard B. Hubbard, and Dale G. Bridenbaugh (known as the GE Three) “blew the whistle” on safety problems at nuclear power plants, and their action has been called “an exemplary instance of whistleblowing”. The three engineers gained the attention of journalists and their disclosures about the threats of nuclear power had a significant impact. They timed their statements to coincide with their resignations from responsible positions in GE’s’s nuclear energy division, and later established themselves as consultants on the nuclear power industry for state governments, federal agencies, and overseas governments. The consulting firm they formed, MHB Technical Associates, was technical advisor for the movie, “The China Syndrome.” The three engineers participated in Congressional hearings which their disclosures precipitated.

Karen Hudes is a former senior legal counsel with the World Bank. Karen Hudes studied law at Yale Law School and economics at the University of Amsterdam. She established the Non Governmental Organization (NGO) Committee of the International Law Section of the American Bar Association, as well as the Committee on Multilateralism and the Accountability of International Organizations of the American Branch of the International Law Association. Karen Hudes became a whistleblower, exposing corruption inside the World Bank and warning Congress and the U.S. Treasury Department that the United States would lose its right to appoint the President of World Bank if the current American President of the financial institution did not abide by the rules. She reported the corrupt take-over of the second largest bank in the Philippines. Hudes subsequently reported to the US Congress threats to reveal private information about the members on the Board of Executive Directors. The Board forced Paul Wolfowitz to resign from the Presidency of the World Bank in 2007 for giving a 35% raise to his girlfriend, Shaha Riza, who also worked at the World Bank. Hudes also reported to Congress that the Institutional Integrity Department investigated World Bank whistleblowers who reported corruption, instead of the corruption that it was ostensibly set up to combat. In retaliation for her whistleblowing disclosures, two days after informing the Board’s Audit Committee of the cover-up in the Philippines, Karen Hudes was reprimanded and then placed on probation. The World Bank forged documents and terminated Karen Hudes in contempt of Congress. The World Bank concurrently discharged the Staff Association’s attorney. Witnessing this kind of blatant whistleblower retaliation had reportedly damaged staff morale and deterred others from reporting misconduct. The World Bank’s Ethics’ Officer resigned from her position, after her request for an investigation by the World Bank’s Institutional Integrity Department was denied. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) ceased their initial intent to investigate the wrongdoing, because the World Bank refused to cooperate with their inquiry. 188 Ministers of Finance reinstated Karen Hudes to settle her bondholder litigation in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit. When she attempted to attend the World Bank/IMF Spring Meetings, the Secret Service barred Hudes from entering. She was arrested for trespass in the World Bank headquarters building and charged with “unlawful entry”. On May 30, 2013 Attorney General Eric Holder´s Department of Justice urged Judge Karen Howze in the Criminal Division of the District of Columbia Superior Court to arraign Karen Hudes. Hudes argued that she had been reinstated and was entitled to immunity as a staff member of the World Bank. The case is currently pending.

Frederick W. Humphries II is the F.B.I. agent who spurred the investigation leading to the resignation of David H. Petraeus from his position as the Director of the CIA. When Humphries suspected that the case involved serious security issues and was being stalled for political reasons, he took his concerns to Congress. Humphries took the initial complaint from Jill Kelley, a Tampa woman who received harassing e-mails that accused her of inappropriately flirtatious behavior toward Petraeus. The subsequent cyberstalking investigation uncovered an extramarital affair between Petraeus and his biographer, Paula Broadwell, who authored the said e-mails. The probe also ensnared Gen. John R. Allen, the commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan, when sexually explicit e-mail exchanges between him and Ms. Kelley surfaced during the investigation. The security clearance of Broadwell, a West Point graduate and officer in the Army Reserve, had been suspended pending the final outcome of the FBI investigation. Humphries is being investigated for blowing the whistle to Congress.

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